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The First Government House in Nigeria

The First Government House in Nigeria

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The First Government House in Nigeria
The Mungo Park House. Credit: therodiniahotel.

On Nnebisi Road, Asaba, behind the Delta State High Court and the State Library Complex, sits a wooden palm one-storey building. It is old, built in 1886 by the Royal Niger Company (RNC) to remember Mungo Park, the first European explorer to reach the River Niger. Known as the Mungo Park House, the 134-year-old building was announced in 1997 as the National Museum, Asaba.

Having arrived at the River Niger in 1796, Park died 10 years later, in 1806, when his boat capsized in New Bussa, Niger State. Eighty years after his death, members of the RNC decided to enshrine his efforts by erecting the building. They chose Asaba as location.

The construction of the Mungo Park House, according to Daily Trust, is said to have been led by the British explorers Richard and John Lander, who planned it mainly for the palm kernel business. When the British government took over from the RNC, the building became the first administrative headquarters of the then Southern Protectorate.

Over the decades, it has been used by the Western and Mid-Western Nigerian governments as well as the state and local governments as a variety of things: women’s development centre, water board, and orphanage.

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The First Government House in Nigeria
A vandalized statue of King Leopold II.

Presently, the building is expected to undergo renovation.

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