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The 500 Year-Old Dye Pits of Kano

The 500 Year-Old Dye Pits of Kano

The 500 Year-Old Dye Pits of Kano
A dyer at the Kofar Mata Marina Pits. Credit:

East of the Kano City Central Mosque, close to the historical Kofar Mata gates and walls, are the Kofar Mata Marina dye pits. Dug in 1498, the pits, which number over 100, attracted traders and travellers from across the Sahel region and was a centre of Kano’s booming textile industry.

The making of the dye is a centuries-old process. Water is poured into the pits, which are up to six metres deep. Ash is added, to ensure it has a glaze, as is potassium, for colouration. After the further addition of dry twigs, the mixture is left for four weeks, at which point it would have become ready for use.

Designs are folded into the cloth, which is then dipped in for between 30 minutes and six hours, to achieve the desired shade of colour. Every few minutes, the cloth is aired. Depending on the dyer, chemicals are used to create a variety of colours. The fabric is beaten afterwards to attain its famed shiny appearance. When the dye finishes in a pit, the residue is burned to an ashy concoction that could be used as domestic health medicine.

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, The 500 Year-Old Dye Pits of Kano
Credit: Courtesy of Ministry of Antiquities, Egypt.

The Kofar Mata Marina Dye Pits, which are falling out of use, are among the last of their kind.

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